When used safely and properly, fire pits can provide many hours of enjoyment.
It is important to know the requirements for the construction and safe use of these devices.
Fire pit regulations govern the use of both fire pits and outdoor fireplaces.
What is a Fire Pit?
The term fire pit refers to a permanently affixed outdoor fire receptacle and a portable fire receptacle.
What is an Outdoor Fireplace?
An outdoor fireplace is an enclosed and permanently affixed outdoor fire receptacle, which incorporates a permanently affixed chimney or flue, and is constructed of brick, rock or other masonry.
Fire Pit Regulations:
The regulations governing the use of fire pits and outdoor fireplaces are in place to ensure your safety, prevent fires and minimize the nuisance to neighbours.
- Fire pits cannot be used between the hours of 1 a.m. and noon.
- The fire must be contained in a non-combustible receptacle made of cement, brick, clay or sheet metal with a minimum 18 gauge thickness.
- The fire box must be covered with heavy gauge metal screen with openings not larger than 13 mm (1\2 inch) to contain sparks.
- The size of the fire box must not exceed .75 metres (30 inches) in any dimension.
- The fire pit must be located a minimum of 3 metres (10 feet) from any combustible material, such as buildings, porches,decks and fences.
- Fire pits can not be placed on combustible surfaces such as decks or apartment balconies.
- Fire pits must be situated on a non-combustible surface.
- Fire pits shall be clear of overhangs, such as tree branches, utility lines and structures.
- Fire pits must be supervised by an adult at all times.
- Any person who uses a firepit shall have a means of extinguishing the fire readily accessible at all times.
- The only permitted fuels are charcoal, seasoned wood or manufactured fire logs.
- Materials that cannot be burned include, but are not limited to: waste including rubbish, slimes, manure, treated or painted lumber, livestock or animal carcasses, tailings, garbage, garden refuse or scrap; any hazardous material or dangerous good; or any material that generates black smoke or an offensive odour, including insulation from electrical wiring, rubber tires, asphalt shingles, hydrocarbons, plastics and lumber treated with wood preservative.
- Fire pits must be extinguished if smoke causes an unreasonable interference with the use and enjoyment of another person’s property.
- Fire pits shall not be used in windy conditions.
- In the event the Fire Chief issues a Fire Ban, the use of fire pits will be prohibited.
- The best way to extinguish a fire is to take the ashes, spread them over a larger surface area and let them cool down for a little bit. Then take your small container of water and gently pour it over the ashes, but monitor it. Don’t just throw some water on it and go to bed because it can flare up in the night. If you have a fire that escapes your fire pit and moves into a nearby pile of kindling or a combustible surface, immediately call 911.